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Hebrews 5:1-10 - The All or nothing about an appointment as high priest

Updated: Sep 13, 2021

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Every high priest chosen from among mortals is put in charge of things pertaining to God on their behalf, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. He is able to deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is subject to weakness; and because of this he must offer sacrifice for his own sins as well as for those of the people. And one does not presume to take this honor, but takes it only when called by God, just as Aaron was.

So also Christ did not glorify himself in becoming a high priest, but was appointed by the one who said to him, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”; as he says also in another place, “You are a priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek.”

In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to the one who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. Although he was a Son, he learned obedience through what he suffered; and having been made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him, having been designated by God a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.


This is the Epistle selection to be read aloud on the twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost [Proper 24], Year B, according to the lectionary for the Episcopal Church. It will follow one of two pairings of Old Testament readings with Psalms, either a Track 1 or Track 2 option, based on the path chosen by an individual church for Year B. Track 1 offers Yahweh’s response to Job, after he had complained and was advised by friends. Psalm 104 sings, “Yahweh, how manifold are your works! in wisdom you have made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.” Track 2 offers Isaiah’s song of a suffering servant being like a sheep before slaughter silently waiting. Psalm 91 sings, “There shall no evil happen to you, neither shall any plague come near your dwelling.” All will accompany the Gospel reading from Mark, where Jesus asked the Zebedee brothers, “Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?”

I wrote about this full reading the last time it came up in the lectionary cycle (2018). This past Lent (Year B, Lent 5), verses five through ten were cycled; so, I wrote about the second half of this reading then. The 2018 commentary can be read by clicking on this link. The commentary from this past Lenten season can be found at this link. Both place focus on the reason why Melchizedek is mentioned; so, both have merit that stands today. I welcome all readers to read both and then compare what my prior observations were, in relation to what I will now add. As always, I welcome reader feedback and input.

Last Sunday from Hebrews we read, “The word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing until it divides soul kai spirit” (Hebrews 4:12) and “Since, then, we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast to our professions [to the marriage agreement – the Covenant].” (Hebrews 4:14) This was written by the same Paul who now spoke more about “Every high priest chosen from among mortals is put in charge of things pertaining to God on their behalf, to offer gifts kai sacrifices for sins.” (Hebrews 5:1) As the main theme statement for these selected verses, it is imperative to realize the meaning of “every high priest”

The Greek written that begins this chapter is “Pas gar archiereus,” which literally translates as “All indeed high priest.” In that, “Pas” is capitalized, which means it must be read with a divine level of meaning, not as simple conversation. The divinity of “All, the Whole, Every kind of” (Strong’s Definition of “Pas”) is a “Total” commitment to Yahweh, which is not singular, but plural. It is a standard requirement for "All" who will "indeed" be a "high priest." When one realizes the word “archiereus” is nominative masculine singular, this becomes a divine statement that the one “high priest” is “indeed” that to “All,” with that singularity being Jesus. What is missed in “archiereus” is it can also be expressing the genitive case, where possession is stated, as “of the high priest,” where the first segment of words states, “All indeed of high priest.” That says more than “All” who will let one be his or her “high priest” (a statement of belief), because it now says, “All indeed of high priest,” where the “high priest” (Jesus) possesses “All, indeed.”

Now, the “high priest” who possesses “All” – where that numbering counts "All" who are those “Totally” committed to Yahweh in marriage, as their souls to His Spirit – that is what slices the soul in two, just like a DNA splits to be joined with the DNA of one’s partner in marriage (sperm in egg). Two halves are joined as one, and what Yahweh has joined together let no man separate. The marriage of Yahweh with one’s soul makes a soul in a body of flesh be His forevermore (not just on Saturdays or Sundays, sometimes for thirty minutes of prayer during the week).

When one’s soul-body has been married to Yahweh, then one’s flesh becomes the Temple unto Him. A Temple needs a high priest; so, the marriage brings about the baby Son of God, Jesus, to be resurrected within each and “Every” soul-wife of Yahweh. That “high priest” will likewise be forever joined by Yahweh to the soul of His wives [“All” of them individually], so there will be no tearing asunder allowed there either.

This means the divine importance of “All, Every, Whole” to which Paul wrote “indeed” about is this not only took place after the death of Jesus, but it has been happening since Genesis 1 stated, “In the beginning elohim created.” (Genesis 1:1a) The “high priest” is how John wrote of Jesus: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word.” [“En archē ēn ho Logos , kai ho Logos ēn pro ton Theon , kai Theos ēn ho Logos .”] Therefore, the “high priest” was in Job. The “high priest” was in David. The “high priest” was in Isaiah. The “high priest” was in Paul; and, of course, the “high priest” was in Jesus. The word “All” does not leave anyone out, including YOU, the reader now (once your soul is married to Yahweh's Spirit).

In the Job reading, it can be confusing, as if Yahweh suddenly forgot all about His knowing at the beginning that His Son Job was up to the task of turning away from Satan, including all his underling elohim sent to confuse Job into forsaking Yahweh. In verse four, where we read Yahweh asking, “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding,” it is those not married to Yahweh who read that and stick their tails between their legs, saying, “Rut roh.” The answer for Job is not that weakling response, but his knowing [as a “high priest”], “I was there with You in the beginning. I have always been with You and always will be with You.” All of the questions posed in Job 38 can be answered by “All” of the “high priests.” Knowing the answers is born into “All” of the wives of Yahweh the same way. Only those who refuse to sacrifice themselves [a “self” is a “soul”] in marriage to Yahweh fear these questions.

David sang in Psalm 104 about this presence of Yahweh: “You make the winds your messengers and flames of fire your servants. You have set the earth upon its foundations, so that it never shall move at any time.” In that, the wind is metaphor for the change from sinner to saint; and, the fire is metaphor for the metamorphosis of a mortal in a body of flesh to an immortal soul in the process of losing its flesh forevermore. The “foundations of the earth” is the presence of the “high priest” within “All” Yahweh’s holy wives, where the birth and rebirth of Jesus is the “cornerstone” of faith. That makes “All” be the possession of Jesus, the Son of God, who only do his will as the “slaves” that are Yahweh elohim.

Isaiah knew this divine presence was within him when he wrote: “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.” Isaiah knew the “high priest” within his soul, which Christians readily identify as Jesus. This says Isaiah knew Jesus long before Jesus manifested in human flesh.

David sang about this presence in Psalm 91, where the lyrics say, “Because you have made Yahweh your refuge, and the Most High your habitation, There shall no evil happen to you, neither shall any plague come near your dwelling.” The “habitation” and “dwelling” is one’s soul – divine marriage to Yahweh’s Spirit – and one’s body of flesh – the Temple in which Yahweh resides and where the Son is one’s “high priest.”

When Paul wrote, “So also Christ did not glorify himself in becoming a high priest, but was appointed by the one who said to him, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you,” those parts missed is Paul writing “Houtōs kai ho Christos ouch heauton edoxasen genēthēnai archierea.” That literally translates into English to say, “In this manner kai this of Christ not oneself does bestow to be born a high priest.” The capitalization of “Houtōs” divinely elevates the meaning of that word to be a statement of heavenly process that is unchangeable and always present: In this manner … one is like “Aaron,” the first “high priest” of the Tabernacle, who was “called by God.”

Following that divine statement of how one becomes a “high priest” like “Aaron,” “called by God” to serve Him in His “dwelling,” one finds the word “kai” written, which is always a signal word that says, “Be alert, because an important statement is coming!” That important statement says, “this of Christ,” where “Christos” is the genitive case, stating possession. The word “Christ” does not mean ‘the last name of Jesus.” It is a capitalized word that must be seen as a divinely elevated statement of “Anointment.” That says all who will be the wives of Yahweh [His possessions] will then be His “Anointed ones,” or His “Christ” individually. This is then “not” a state of being that “oneself bestows” willingly. It is the outpouring of Yahweh’s Spirit upon those souls He chooses to be His wives. It is then from that divine wedding that the wife becomes the Holy Mother of Jesus, who is “to be born.” This is then what makes one be “a high priest.” By thinking there is only one “Christ,” one misses the full meaning of this statement by Paul.

When Paul wrote, “was appointed by the one who said to him, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you,” Paul was one of the “All” who had been Anointed by Yahweh; and, Paul was one of the "All" who had then given birth to Yahweh’s Son, Jesus. So Paul was Jesus reborn. Paul could not know that as someone who only read words written on pages, none of which could be explained by men wearing robes. Paul was himself a “high priest” of Yahweh, by appointment by the Father. Because Paul was quoting a Psalm of David, David was also appointed by the Father to be His Son, Jesus reborn, well before Jesus became flesh.

This then led Paul to add another quote from a Psalm of David, writing, “You are a priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek.” Now, the naming of Melchizedek makes one look closely at that, in the same way one’s eyes focus solely on “Christ.” What is missed is “priest forever,” from “hiereus eis ton aiōna” [in Greek], which says, “priest to the age.” In Hebrew [transliterated], David wrote, “ḵō·hên lə·‘ō·w·lām” [from “kohen olam”], which means “priest everlasting.” The word written by David that is translated as “order” is “dibrah,” meaning “a cause, reason, manner.” The equivalent used by Paul [“taxin”] means “a regular arrangement” or “an appointed succession.” Thus, this means an “order” or "manner" or "sequence" in which things occur. This takes us back to the capitalization of “Houtōs,” where “the order of Melchizedek” is “In the manner of” Yahweh’s determination.

Melchizedek was the King of Salem, also known as Jebus. Abraham bought a cave from a Hittite; but the cave went underground all the way to Jebus, causing the need for a treaty between Abraham and the Jebusites, one that said he would not attack them from below.

Now, the element of Melchizedek is he was a “priest forever.” This must be seen in the descendant of Adam, who was Enoch. After 365 years in the flesh, Enoch was taken up by Yahweh, without ever dying. This is also thought to be what happened to Elijah (although I now believe he died under the broom tree and was resurrected to eternal life). Jesus was like Elijah, in the sense that his soul has continued to return as the Son of man, in all who are made Christs by marriage to Yahweh and are those who give rebirth to Jesus, since “In the beginning.” Because Melchizedek blessed Abram, making Abram be officially said to be a Son of Yahweh, Paul was speaking as another Son of man, knowing the Spirit is the same in all Holy Sons.

When Paul wrote, “In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to the one who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission,” this is a restatement of the life of Job as well. Paul never knew Jesus (that we know of), as he was a persecutor of the first Jews who believed in Jesus and became Jesus reborn. As Saul, he knew Jesus as well as he knew Job [heard stories]; but as Paul he knew both personally, as all were of “the order of Melchizedek.” All will do whatever Yahweh asks, without question; but all will cry out in love for their Holy Husband, the Father of their “high priest” within.

This Epistle is to be read on the twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost, when one’s own personal ministry for Yahweh should already be well underway, because it is the lesson that all who want to be truthfully Christian must be married to Yahweh and become Anointed by His outpouring of Spirit. One is not Christian by simply memorizing a few quotes of Scripture and attending church a few times a year. Believing in Jesus is selfishness, which helps no one other than one’s self, who finds some false sense of calm from thinking it is okay to sin and go to heaven. Having priests, pastors and ministers to confirm that false belief are headed down the same road to perdition and are careless about the souls of others. One must become Jesus reborn into a body of flesh, which can only be by appointment of Yahweh. One must become His wife [regardless of human gender], so one can become the mother of His Son. One must be made this “In the manner of” everyone holy, since the beginning of time.

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